Category: FAA.gov News and Updates

Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control Accidents

Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control Accidents:

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)and the general aviation (GA) communitys national #FlySafe campaign is designed to educate GA pilots about the best practices to calculate and predict aircraft performance and to operate within established aircraft limitations.

A Loss of Control (LOC) accident involves an unintended departure of an aircraft from controlled flight. LOC can happen when the aircraft enters a flight regime that is outside its normal flight envelope and quickly develops into a stall or spin. It can introduce an element of surprise for the pilot.

Types of Enhanced Vision Systems
Our five senses vision, hearing, taste, smell and touch) are key to keeping us safe. Vision is especially important to a pilot. Vision at night and in Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) can be improved with technology, such as Enhanced Vision (EV) and Synthetic Vision (SV) technology.

Enhanced Vision (EV) uses sensors on your airplane to provide a better view. These sensors can be infrared or radar. They are very useful in seeing terrain in weather, or on a dark night. The sensors help you see what is actually in front of the aircraft.

Synthetic Vision (SV) doesnt use sensors. Instead, it relies on GPS information and a database to create a virtual landscape. SV can create a picture of the flight environment and overlay that picture with aircraft instrumentation. The result is a single image that contains the information you need for safe flight operations. Since this information is not based on direct observation, youll need to keep your software and databases up to date.

Display Choices
Most GA systems are displayed through a cockpit Multifunction Display (MFD), or a Primary Flight Display (PFD). A Head Up display (HUD) is a great way of displaying EV/SV information.

Regardless of which display you choose, be sure to become very familiar with it before you use it in real time. Its a good idea to schedule periodic proficiency training with a Certified Flight Instructor (CFI) who knows the equipment. These training and review sessions will give you the confidence you need to use the equipment effectively.

Message from FAA Acting Administrator Daniel Elwell:
The FAA and industry are working together to prevent Loss of Control (LOC) accidents and save lives. You can help make a difference by joining our #Fly Safe campaign. Every month on FAA.gov, we provide pilots with Loss of Control solutions developed by a team of experts some of which are already reducing risk. I hope you will join us in this effort and spread the word. Follow #FlySafe on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. I know that we can reduce these accidents by working together as a community.

More about Loss of Control
Contributing factors may include:

  • Poor judgment or aeronautical decision making
  • Failure to recognize an aerodynamic stall or spin and execute corrective action
  • Intentional failure to comply with regulations
  • Failure to maintain airspeed
  • Failure to follow procedure
  • Pilot inexperience and proficiency
  • Use of prohibited or over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, or alcohol

Did you know?

  • In 2016, 413 people died in 219 general aviation accidents.
  • Loss of Control was the number one cause of these accidents.
  • Loss of Control happens in all phases of flight.It can happen anywhere and at any time.
  • There is one fatal accident involving Loss of Control every four days.

Learn more:
Read more about Enhanced Vision Systems in Brushing Back the Dark: A Look at the Latest in Night Vision Technology. FAA Safety Briefing Jan/Feb 2014, p. 20.

FAAsAdvisory Circular 90-106, Enhanced Flight Vision Systems, has valuable information.

T=Terrain Avoidance: What does it Take to Use NVGs? FAA Safety Briefing Nov/Dec 2015, p. 28

You can learn more about Enhanced Vision Systems in this GA Safety Enhancement fact sheet

TheFAASafety.govwebsite has Notices, FAAST Blasts, online courses, webinars and more on key general aviation safety topics.

Check out GA Safety Enhancements fact sheets on the mainFAA Safety Briefingwebsite, including Flight Risk Assessment Tools.

TheWINGS Pilot Proficiency Programhelps pilots build an educational curriculum suitable for their unique flight requirements. It is based on the premise that pilots who maintain currency and proficiency in the basics of flight will enjoy a safer and more stress-free flying experience.

TheGeneral Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC)is comprised of government and industry experts who work together to use data to identify risk, pinpoint trends through root cause analysis, and develop safety strategies to reduce the risk of GA accidents. The GAJSC combines the expertise of many key decision makers in the FAA, several government agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and stakeholder groups. Industry participants include the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Experimental Aircraft Association, General Aviation Manufacturers Association, Light Aircraft Manufacturers Association, National Business Aviation Association, National Air Transportation Association, National Association of Flight Instructors, Society of Aviation and Flight Educators, and the aviation insurance industry. The National Transportation Safety Board and the European Aviation Safety Agency participate as observers.

January 13, 2018 at 12:54AM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

FAA Advises Airline Passengers to Pack Safely

FAA Advises Airline Passengers to Pack Safely:

If you are an airline passenger packing your bags to travel for the holidays, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) advises you to take a moment to check out the agencys Pack Safe website. There are many items that people use on a daily basis that are considered hazardous materials when packed to fly on a plane. Flyers should know that e-cigarettes, vaping devices, and spare lithium batteries should NOT be packed in their checked luggage. Spare lithium batteries the kind that are found in personal electronic devices and back-up charging devices can only travel in carry-on baggage.

Electronic devices powered by lithium batteries can catch fire if they are damaged or have exposed electrical terminals. Devices that smoke or catch fire are much easier to extinguish in the cabin than they are in the cargo hold. So, the FAA recommends that passengers keep cell phones and other devices nearby in the cabin, so they can quickly access them, if necessary.

However, even in carry-on baggage, spare lithium batteries should be protected from damage or short circuiting. Ensuring that the batteries are packed properly and are not touching or bumping something that could potentially cause them to spark. If batteries are not sealed in manufacturer packaging, the battery terminals should be protected by covering them with tape and placing them in separate bags to prevent short circuits.

Some of the other common toiletries that passengers may plan to pack, but that could be hazardous include: aerosol cans that may contain hair spray, deodorant, tanning spray or animal repellant; nail polish; artist paints; and glues.

For more detailed information about materials that should not fly, visit the FAAs Hazardous Materials Safety website.

To be on the safe side, when in doubt, just leave it out!

December 22, 2017 at 10:39PM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

FAA Advisory Circular Outlines Airport Access …

FAA Advisory Circular Outlines Airport Access Requirements:

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has revised its Advisory Circular (AC) entitled Access to Airports by Individuals with Disabilities to ensure airport operators of civil use airports comply with the laws and regulations pertaining to individuals with disabilities.

Guidelines for Service Animal Relief Areas (SARAs) are an important part of the revised guidance. The AC provides requirements and recommendations for SARAs at civil use airports, which are required for each airport with 10,000 or more enplanements. It is mandatory for civil use airports that receive federal financial assistance through the Airport Improvement Program or Passenger Facility Charges program to follow the standards.

In addition to the SARAs, airport operators must also ensure that individuals with disabilities have access to adequate communications tools and signage, vehicle and transportations systems, aircraft and air carrier facilities, and boarding assistance.

Airport operators must adhere to the federal accessibility requirements in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Air Carrier Access Act of 1986, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968.

The AC also provides a list of disability/accessibility organizations that airports sponsors may consult as they are installing SARAs at their airports.

December 22, 2017 at 01:21AM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

FAA Releases UAS Remote Tracking & ID ARC Repo…

FAA Releases UAS Remote Tracking & ID ARC Report:

The Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Identification and Tracking Aviation Rulemaking Committee (ARC) chartered by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in June has submitted its report and recommendations to the agency on technologies available to identify and track drones in flight and other associated issues.

The ARCs 74 members represented a diverse array of stakeholders that included the aviation community and industry member organizations, law enforcement agencies and public safety organizations, manufacturers, researchers, and standards entities involved with UAS.

Overall, the ARC provided the FAA with a substantial amount of useful data, including very detailed technology evaluations and a comprehensive list of law enforcement needs and preferences. The ARCs recommendations and suggestions, which are fully detailed in the report, cover issues related to existing and emerging technologies, law enforcement and security, and implementation of remote identification and tracking. Although some recommendations were not unanimous, the group reached general agreement on most. Highlights of the recommendations include:

  • The FAA should consider two methods for remote ID and tracking of drones: direct broadcast (transmitting data in one direction only with no specific destination or recipient) and (2) network publishing (transmitting data to an internet service or group of services). Both methods would send the data to an FAA-approved internet-based database.
  • The data collected must include a unique identifier for unmanned aircraft, tracking information, and drone owner and remote pilot identification.
  • The FAA should promote fast-tracked development of industry standards while a final remote ID and tracking rule is developed, potentially offering incentives for early adoption and relying on educational initiatives to pave the way to the implementation of the rule.
  • The FAA should implement a rule in three stages, with an ultimate goal that all drones manufactured or sold within the United States that comply with the rule must be so labeled. The agency should allow a reasonable grace period to retrofit drones manufactured or sold before the final rule is effective.
  • The FAA should coordinate any ID and tracking system with the existing air traffic control system and ensure it does not substantially increase workloads.
  • The FAA should exempt drones operating under air traffic control or those operating under the agencys discretion (public aircraft operations, security or defense operations, or with a waiver).
  • The FAA must review privacy considerations, in consultation with privacy experts and other Federal agencies, including developing a secure system that allows for segmented access to the ID and tracking information. Within the system, only persons authorized by the FAA (e.g., law enforcement officials, airspace management officials, etc.) would be able to access personally identifiable information.

While the ARC reached consensus on most issues, there were dissenting opinions, primarily over to which drones the ID and tracking requirements should apply. Many of these dissenting opinions expressed concerns that exempting model aircraft operating under Section 336 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 would undermine the value of an ID and tracking requirement. Other dissenting opinions touched upon issues such as privacy and a lack of detail or consideration for ATC involvement.

The FAA will use the data and recommendations in the ARC report in crafting a proposed rule for public comment.

December 19, 2017 at 09:33PM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

FAA Restricts Drone Operations Over DOE Facili…

FAA Restricts Drone Operations Over DOE Facilities:

At the request of U.S. national security and law enforcement agencies, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is using its existing authority under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations 99.7 Special Security Instructions to address concerns about unauthorized drone operations over seven Department of Energy (DOE) facilities.

The FAA and DOE have agreed to restrict drone flights up to 400 feet within the lateral boundaries of these sites:

  • Hanford Site, Franklin County, WA
  • Pantex Site, Panhandle, TX
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM
  • Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID
  • Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC
  • Y-12 National Security Site, Oak Ridge, TN
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

The airspace restrictions are shown in an FAA Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) and the details about where drone flights are restricted are here.

These UAS National Security restrictions are pending until they become effective on December 29, 2017. There are only a few exceptions that permit drone flights within these restrictions, and they must be coordinated with the individual facility and/or the FAA.

To ensure the public is aware of these restricted locations, the FAA has created an interactive map online. The link to these restrictions is also included in the FAAs B4UFLYmobile app. The app will be updated within 60 days to reflect these airspace restrictions. Additional information, including frequently asked questions, is available on the FAAs UAS website.

Operators who violate the airspace restrictions may be subject to enforcement action, including potential civil penalties and criminal charges.

This is the first time the agency has placed specific airspace restrictions for unmanned aircraft, or drones, over DOE sites. The FAA has placed similar airspace restrictions over military bases that currently remain in place, as well as more recently issued UAS flight restrictions over 10 Department of Interior facilities, including several large dams and iconic landmarks.

The FAA is considering additional requests from other federal security agencies for restrictions using the FAAs 99.7 authority to support national security and defense, as they are received.

The text of the NOTAM is as follows:

FDC 7/6429 FDC SECURITY SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS FOR UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM (UAS) OPERATIONS FOR MULTIPLE LOCATIONS NATIONWIDE. THIS NOTAM SUPPLEMENTS THE UAS-SPECIFIC SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS DEFINED BY FDC 7/7282 AND IMPLEMENTED PURSUANT 14 C.F.R. 99.7 AND HAVE BEEN APPLIED TO AIRSPACE OVER ADDITIONAL NATIONAL SECURITY SENSITIVE FACILITIES. THE UPDATED LIST OF AFFECTED AIRSPACE AND ASSOCIATED PROTECTED LOCATIONS, AND OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED AT THE FOLLOWING FAA WEBSITE: http://ift.tt/2AQ45yp. SEE FDC 7/7282 FOR COMPLETE INFORMATION ON THESE SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS. 1712290001-1902012359

December 18, 2017 at 10:00PM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

UAS IPP Deadline Tomorrow for Lead Applicants

UAS IPP Deadline Tomorrow for Lead Applicants:

Tomorrow at 2 p.m. Eastern Time is the deadline for Lead Applicants to submit Volume I and Volume II for the UAS Integration Pilot Program (UAS IPP).

The UAS IPP is an opportunity for state, local and tribal governments to accelerate the safe integration of UAS operations. Entities that wish to participate in the program must submit proposals to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to fly more advanced UAS operations, such as beyond visual line-of-sight or over people.

There are two ways to participate in the program, as a Lead Applicant and/or an Interested Party.

Lead Applicants must be state, local or tribal government entities. They will serve as the primary point of contact with the FAA.

Interested Parties are prospective public and private sector applicants/partners or Lead Applicants. They may submit a request by 2 p.m. ET December 13 to be on the Interested Parties List to facilitate the formation of Pilot Program teams. Interested parties can be private sector companies or organizations, UAS operators, other stakeholders or state/local/tribal government entities, including those that are designated Lead Applicants and those that are not.

The UAS IPP is expected to provide immediate opportunities for new and expanded commercial UAS operations, while fostering a meaningful dialogue on the balance between local and national interests related to UAS integration.

December 13, 2017 at 12:05AM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control

Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control:

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the general aviation (GA) communitys national #FlySafe campaign is designed to educate GA pilots about the best practices to calculate and predict aircraft performance and to operate within established aircraft limitations.

A Loss of Control (LOC) accident involves an unintended departure of an aircraft from controlled flight. LOC can happen when the aircraft enters a flight regime that is outside its normal flight envelope and quickly develops into a stall or spin. It can introduce an element of surprise for the pilot.

Digital Engine Control
Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) means there is no direct pilot control over the engine or manual control mode. FADEC shares advantages with electronic ignition and electronic engine control systems, but it takes power management several steps further:

  • FADEC systems are autonomous, self-monitoring, self-operating and redundant. If the FADEC fails, the engine fails. However, redundancy makes it much less likely that a FADEC system will fail. In fact, a double magneto failure, the aircraft components that supply electrical power to the spark plugs, is statistically more likely than a FADEC failure.
  • FADEC combines throttle, propeller, and mixture controls into a single control. Every throttle setting at any altitude results in the optimum power/propeller revolution per minute or RPM/mixture combination. FADEC enables pilots to experience a vast improvement in fuel economy.
  • Automatic engine performance monitoring provides over-speed and over-boost protection throughout the operation. Pilots can command maximum power, and the system will deliver that power without exceeding limitations.
  • FADECs diagnostic processes constantly monitor the health of the aircrafts power plant. Small problems are found before they become big problems, which is why FADEC can help make your aircraft much more efficient.

You might ask is it hard to adjust to using a FADEC system? Well, it may take some time to get used to FADEC at first, but you will come to trust the system. The biggest hurdle is realizing the system provides no reversion to manual control.

Sometimes, pilots have run engines beyond operational limits in order to get out of tight situations. You cant do that with FADEC. Maximum allowable power is always available, but no more than that.

A few GA manufacturers are using FADEC now, but we expect to see more in the future.

Message from FAA Administrator Michael P. Huerta:
The FAA and industry are working together to prevent Loss of Control (LOC) accidents and save lives. You can help make a difference by joining our #Fly Safe campaign. Every month on FAA.gov, we provide pilots with Loss of Control solutions developed by a team of experts some of which are already reducing risk. I hope you will join us in this effort and spread the word. Follow #FlySafe on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. I know that we can reduce these accidents by working together as a community.

More about Loss of Control
Contributing factors may include:

  • Poor judgment or aeronautical decision making
  • Failure to recognize an aerodynamic stall or spin and execute corrective action
  • Intentional failure to comply with regulations
  • Failure to maintain airspeed
  • Failure to follow procedure
  • Pilot inexperience and proficiency
  • Use of prohibited or over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, or alcohol

Did you know?

  • In 2016, 413 people died in 219 general aviation accidents.
  • Loss of Control was the number one cause of these accidents.
  • Loss of Control happens in all phases of flight.It can happen anywhere and at any time.
  • There is one fatal accident involving Loss of Control every four days.

Learn more:
Read more about FADEC in FAA Advisory Circular 33.28-1, Compliance Criteria for 14CFR 33.28-1, Aircraft Engines, Electrical and Electronic Engine Control Systems.

You can learn more about FADEC in this FAA fact sheet.

Check out more GA Safety Enhancements fact sheets on the mainFAA Safety Briefingwebsite.

TheFAASafety.govwebsite has Notices, FAAST Blasts, online courses, webinars and more on key general aviation safety topics.

TheWINGS Pilot Proficiency Programhelps pilots build an educational curriculum suitable for their unique flight requirements. It is based on the premise that pilots who maintain currency and proficiency in the basics of flight will enjoy a safer and more stress-free flying experience.

TheGeneral Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC)is comprised of government and industry experts who work together to use data to identify risk, pinpoint trends through root cause analysis, and develop safety strategies to reduce the risk of GA accidents. The GAJSC combines the expertise of many key decision makers in the FAA, several government agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and stakeholder groups. Industry participants include the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Experimental Aircraft Association, General Aviation Manufacturers Association, Light Aircraft Manufacturers Association, National Business Aviation Association, National Air Transportation Association, National Association of Flight Instructors, Society of Aviation and Flight Educators, and the aviation insurance industry. The National Transportation Safety Board and the European Aviation Safety Agency participate as observers.

December 12, 2017 at 07:52PM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

Enjoy your Holiday Laser-light Display-Respons…

Enjoy your Holiday Laser-light Display-Responsibly:

Each holiday season for the past several years, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has received reports from pilots who said they were distracted or temporarily blinded by residential laser-light displays.

The FAA’s concerns about lasers regardless of the source is that they not be aimed at aircraft in a way that can threaten the safety of a flight by distracting or blinding the pilots. People may not realize that systems they set up to spread holiday cheer can also pose a potential hazard to pilots flying overhead.

So if youre going to install a holiday laser-light system, please make sure the lights are hitting your house and not shining up into the sky. It may not look like the lights go much farther than your house, but the extremely concentrated beams of laser lights actually reach much further than most people think.

If the FAA becomes aware of a situation where a laser-light display affects pilots, we start by asking the owner to adjust them or turn them off. However, if someone’s laser-light display repeatedly affects pilots despite previous warnings, that person could face an FAA civil penalty.

December 08, 2017 at 08:17PM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

The Administrator’s Fact Book is Back

The Administrator’s Fact Book is Back:

The Administrators Fact Book has returned, and its on-line.

Years back, one of the most popular FAA documents was a little white book that contained invaluable information about the FAA and air transportation. Through pages upon pages of tables, graphics, and other materials, a story was told of how U.S. aviation works.Entitled The Administrators Fact Book, the monthly publication was unfortunately discontinued in 2012, but has returned and will eventually be converted into a digital format.

The document contains sections on aviation safety, air traffic, airports, aircraft, industry, commercial space transportation, pilots, general information, and FAA resources. The wide variety of materials presented can range from the FAAs annual budget, to airspace incident ratesfrom the number of people flying to the numbers of commercial space transportation launches and unmanned aircraft systems.

Much of the data, prior to the posting of Fact Book, could be found in various locations on the website, but today, the Fact Book materials and data are largely located in one location on the FAA website.

In addition, the data is sourced for accuracy and dated as to when the materials were last amended. Officially, the document is intended to be updated monthly, however, some data, such as the FAA budget for example, is displayed yearly. There is however some information, such as certain numbers relating to Unmanned Aircraft Systems, or drones, that may actually be presented in a monthly format.

It is the FAAs hope that with the return of The Administrators Fact Book, you will use this valuable aviation resource.

December 05, 2017 at 12:11AM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji

Researchers Release Report on Drone Airborne C…

Researchers Release Report on Drone Airborne Collisions:

A research team from the Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (ASSURE) today released a report that concludes that drones that collide with large manned aircraft can cause more structural damage than birds of the same weight for a given impact speed.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will use the research results to help develop operational and collision risk mitigation requirements for drones. ASSURE conducted its research with two different types of drones on two types of aircraft through computer modeling and physical validation testing.

Unlike the soft mass and tissue of birds, most drones are made of more rigid materials. The testing showed that the stiffest components of the drone such as the motor, battery and payload can cause the most damage. Concentrating those masses on the drone can also cause greater damage, the researchers found.

The research team evaluated the potential impacts of a 2.7-lb. quadcopter and 4 lb. quadcopter; and a 4-lb. and 8-lb. fixed wing drone on a single-aisle commercial transport jet and a business jet. They examined impacts to the wing leading edge, the windshield, and the vertical and horizontal stabilizers. The windshields generally sustained the least damage and the horizontal stabilizers suffered the most serious damage.

The structural damage severity levels ranged from no damage to failure of the primary structure and penetration of the drone into the airframe. However, the research specifically did not explore the risk to flight imposed by that damage. The researchers concluded that unmanned aircraft system manufacturers should adopt detect and avoid or geo-fencing capabilities to reduce the probability of collisions with other aircraft.

The team conducted a preliminary computer simulation to evaluate the potential damage to engine components if a drone is ingested into an aircraft engine, including damage to fan blades, the nacelle and the nosecone. They plan future additional research on engine ingestion in collaboration with engine manufacturers, as well as additional airborne collision studies with helicopters and general aviation aircraft.

In 2014 Congress directed the FAA to establish a UAS Center of Excellence. The FAA selected ASSURE, led by Mississippi State University, in May 2015.

November 28, 2017 at 07:52PM Source:FAA.gov News and Updates http://ift.tt/2aTM6Ji